Friday, March 29, 2013

Ww1 And Canada

How did WW1 Affect Canada
In the early years of the fight, Canadas economic situation was bleak. In 1914, wheat yields plunged because of a direful drought. In 1914 and 1915, much than 50,000 people lost their jobs as the railway system sphere of influence floundered under massive amounts of debt. Furthermore, construction and building activities shrank good from a lack of capital.

With the outbreak of the war, however, demands for soldiers, nurses, farm labourers and factory workers increase simultaneously. In the later years of the war, Canadas agricultural make increased markedly because of favourable weather, and Canada exported huge quantities of wheat to the unite Kingdom. Prime Minister Robert Borden initiated the new War Measures Act, which resultd the government activity move powers to do whatever it deemed necessary in the war effort. To provide war armaments to the allied armies, the government created the Imperial Munitions Board (IMB). By 1916, the IMB became Canadas largest employer, with 250,000 workers.

The IMB produced around one million shells a month, about a third of what the British armies were using on the western front. oceanic shipyards ran in full swing to manufacture submarines, and there were more than 100 plants across the country producing airplane parts.

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By 1916, unemployment almost disappeared, and acute shortages of labour were felt in every sector of the economy. A large number of women homemakers moved into the work force.

The war placed an unprecedented drain on the financial resources of Canada. By 1915, military spending alone equalled the entire government disbursement of 1913. In 1918, the federal governments war disbursal was more than $2.5 million a day. As a result, the governments budget deficit rose from 10% of primitive national product (GNP) in 1913 to around 15% during the war, when twain the deficit and GNP grew rapidly.

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