Friday, October 19, 2012

Collective Bargaining by Holley Jennings

Indeed, Sloane and Witney land that although wages are even now "number one" in terms with the most essential or controversial issues addressed in collective bargaining, job security considerations are now running a close second. Inside the NHL, the collective bargaining agreement recently signed includes a waiver rule for players that provide them security if they're moved down for the minor leagues. As Czurak argues, "the rule is in line with the overall intent of the CBA to generate parity across the league and to force franchises to develop their talent instead of sign a bunch of costly free agents."

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Economic supplements - or economic problems not commonly subsumed in the rubric of wages (hourly, overtime, and so on) - are of significance as well. These concerns include this kind of matters as pensions (eligibility, contributory versus noncontributory plans, funding, vesting) the benefits in the Employee Retirement and Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), vacation and holiday and sick pay, health benefits, dismissal pay, reporting of pay along with other economic matters, and also the growth on the general benefit package obtainable to workers. This listing of non-wage economic matters covered by collective bargaining agreements illustrates an significant simple fact about such agreements: wages are the tip in the iceberg in terms with the economic matters that are directly involved within the relationship.

For one of the most part, Holley et al. argue that management seeks "flexibility in arranging work content and schedules to maximize efficiency." In contrast, unions participating in collective bargaining seek protection for employees' jobs and job rights once workplace changes occur. The NHL CBA does this by forcing teams to develop talent they already have and penalizing them if they hire free agents and move contemporary talent to the minor leagues. These activities are basically administrative matters that speak to management's really real need to keep manage over its company operations.

In addition, various administrative difficulties must also be addressed inside collective bargaining agreement. Holley, et al., identified these problems and noted that there are six broad areas that impact on contract negotiations and administration. These are: 1) technological improve and its impact on labor relations; 2) job security and seniority; 3) employee training; 4) jobs restructuring; 5) safety and health; and 6) accommodating employees with disabilities. In some of these areas, each labor and management are constrained by region and federal laws which shape the administrative responses of firms to matters impacting upon safety and health, hiring employees with disabilities, affirmative action and civil rights, and policies that affect task security and seniority.

Generally, both sides seek specificity as to this kind of matters. Management seeks to limit its economic prices and, in numerous instances, to gain control over pension funds. Labor, in contrast, seeks to create as quite a few economic benefits for its members as possible.

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